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e are ready to welcome people who love trekking and offer them to visit the queerest places in Georgia, which are very different from each other. You will have an opportunity to visit astonishing lakes, forests, ravines, mountains and many kind of historical monuments. Our tours are different from each other with its sightseeing, beauty, adventures, historical monuments and physical activity.

So, welcome to  Georgia!

SVANETI

Strabo (I century BC) wrote in his geographic compositions that Svans were known for their bravery and vigour and they dominated over the territories located above Dioscuria (Sokhumi), that they had their own "basileus" (a leader), a council consisting of 300 people and could recruit 200,000 armed men. the rivers in Svaneti bear gold that is gathered by means of perforated wash-tubs and sheep skins. This gave birth to the Myth of Golden Fleece - says Strabo.

This part is located on the highest point of Georgia and is situated on the southern slope of the Caucasus.. This is the starting place of the rivers such as: Enguri, Kodori and Tskhenistkali. Three 5000m mountain peaks are situated here (overall there are 4 of them in Georgia). The most popular mountain peaks for alpinists are: Ushba, Tetnuldi, Shkhara, Ailama and etc.

Mountain Ushba Mountain Tetnuldi

Svaneti is divided into 2 parts: Lower and Upper Svaneti. The highest populated place (Ushguli) is situated in Upper Svaneti which is considered to be a very beautiful place. The prettiest landscapes of mountains are combined smoothly with 10-20m ancient towers, which are built in XII century and the amount of them is up to 250. These towers represent the visiting card of Svaneti.

The major indiginous inhabitants of Svaneti region are Svans, they speak their own original non-written language (dialect) - Svanuri that belongs to the group of Georgian languages (dialects).Svaneti is divided into communities. Each of them contains several villages. E.g. the community of Ushguli contains 4 villages, the community of Kala contains 7 villages etc. It is worth mentioning that there have never been feudalism system in Svaneti. Even nobles had just a symbolic status. Svans have never had any aggressive wars. However, they had local moot cases which were sometimes solved by murdering. Such inhuman methods of resolving a problem consequently caused the annihilation of hundreds of communities. There were some examples when during the conflicts among Svans, families protected themselves living in towers for several years.  

Towers Towers


Communal lifestyle was characteristic to Georgian highlands from ancient times. A Svanetian type of community governance was very democratic: the general meeting of a community elected Makhvshi - the community leader. The community members of both genders after twenty years of age had the right to attend the meeting. The Makhvshi should be a distinguished individuality known for his intelligence, reliability, fairness and honesty. It was a person obedient to the religious rules and preacher of Christianity, a judge in peaceful times and a leader of army in wars. The last Convention of Svaneti was called in 1875; the reason for its convocation was a mass protest against the decision of the Russian Tsarist government concerning introduction of increased taxes. Unfortunately the well armed Russian soldiers defeated Svans, located in the village Khalde. After six days of continual gunfire, the troops destroyed all eleven towers, all stone houses, and wooden buildings, burned up cornfields and ruined down the village of Khalde. The Khalde revolt was the third and the last armed protest of Georgian mountaineers against the Russian Tsarist rule.

Village Khalde Village Khalde

Due to the complicated geographical location of Svaneti, there still exists untouched medieval architecture of the village. There are ancient castles, towers, crosses, icons, examples of an ancient art and etc. In hard times luxurious and rare crosses, icons, religious books and manuscripts were kept here.  There are still existing about 70 Christian churches and many worship sites - some of them bearing signs of paganism - rich with donations.

At the beginning of XIX century mountaineering in Alps became somewhat massive activity. There appeared number of explorers and researchers who could enjoy both: satisfaction of the scientific interests and a pleasure of reaching the peak.

Memorial Ushba
     

Alpinism is a national sport in Svaneti which is connected with a legendary Ushba – mountain peak, which is risen up in Mestia. Many famous alpinists were educated in the schools of Svaneti. The most famous person in Svaneti was and still remains the alpinist and the mountain climber “Tiger of Rocks” Mikheil Khergiani. He tragically died in Italy on the mountain ridge of Su-Alto in 1969. His name is still well known in almost all parts of the world because of his courage and boldness in conquering the highest mountain peaks. The best routs of the Caucasus were trekked by him for the first time.

Except alpinism this region has a big potential in tourism. In the last few years there have been realized up to 40 projects in this field. Nowadays family tourism business is developing very intensively which considers the following: Receiving tourists in the families, travelling by transport in the area of  Svaneti by the new tourist minibuses, walking or riding a horse by taking account of all the safety hazards, familiarize with cultural environment, visiting historical monuments etc.

MESTIA

Borough Mestia is an administrative unit of Svaneti, which is situated at 1500m above sea level.
Historically and ethnographically, Mestia has always been regarded a chief community of Zemo, or Upper Svaneti province. Despite its small size, the townlet was an important centre of Georgian culture for centuries and contains a number of medieval monuments - churches and forts - included in a list of World Heritage Sites.
The townlet is dominated by stone defensive towers of a type seen in Ushguli ("Svan towers"). A typical Svan fortified dwelling consisted of a tower, an adjacent house (machub) and some other household structures encircled by a defensive wall.
Unique icons and manuscripts are kept in Mestia Historical-Ethnographic Museum. Mestia is also a center of mountaineer tourism and alpinism.

Mestia Mestia From Tower

Nowadays there are several hotels and family hotels in Mestia. There is also a bank and the internet access.


You can see Svaneti by taking the routes Trekking in Svaneti and Hiking in Svaneti which we can offer you.

 

GEORGIA
Kakheti
Kartli
Khevi
Khevsureti
Racha
Samegrelo
Svaneti
Tbilisi
Tusheti